The Great Learning PDF/EPUB × The Great Kindle -

The Great Learning The Great Learning is the first of the Four books which were selected by Zhu Xi during the Song Dynasty as a foundational introduction to Confucianism It was originally one chapter in Classic of Rites The book consists of a short main text, attributed to Confucius, and nine commentaries chapters by Zeng Zi, one of Confucius disciples Its importance is illustrated by Zeng Zi s foreword that this is the gateway of learning Some of the terms within the text form an important part of both classical and modern Chinese political discourse For example, the concept of world peace has been the stated goal of Chinese statecraft from the Zhou dynasty to the Kuomintang to the Communist Party of China Another term used in the text qin min which Legge translates as renovating the people is the name of the People First Party, one of the minor parties in Taiwan The Great Learning is significant because it expresses many themes of Chinese philosophy and political thinking, and has therefore been extremely influential both in classical and modern Chinese thought Government, self cultivation and investigation of things are linked It links together individual action in the form of self cultivation with higher goals such as ultimate world peace as well as linking together the spiritual and the material By defining the path of learning tao in governmental and social terms, the Great Learning both links the spiritual with the practical, and creates a vision of tao that is radically different than that presented by Taoism In particular, the Great Learning sets Confucianism as being this worldly rather than other worldly Instead of basing its authority on an external deity, the Great Learning bases its authority on the practices of ancient kings The text also sets up a number of controversies that have underlain Chinese philosophy and political thinking For example, one major controversy has been to define exactly the investigation of things What things are to be investigated and how has been one of the crucial issues of Chinese philosophy A handbook to rulers on how to rule and treat the subjects it also talks about personal morality.The ancients who wished to illustrate illustrious virtuethroughout the kingdom, first ordered well their own states Wishingto order well their states, they first regulated their families.Wishing to regulate their families, they first cultivated theirpersons Wishing to cultivate their persons, they first rectifiedtheir hearts Wishing to rectify their hearts, they first sought to besincere in t A handbook to rulers on how to rule and treat the subjects it also talks about personal morality.The ancients who wished to illustrate illustrious virtuethroughout the kingdom, first ordered well their own states Wishingto order well their states, they first regulated their families.Wishing to regulate their families, they first cultivated theirpersons Wishing to cultivate their persons, they first rectifiedtheir hearts Wishing to rectify their hearts, they first sought to besincere in their thoughts Wishing to be sincere in their thoughts,they first extended to the utmost their knowledge Such extension ofknowledge lay in the investigation of things This is the hierarchy which the author gives regarding the development of virtue in a kingdom He adds that before attempting to make any change in society,one must start with one s family and oneself.The importance Confucius gives to personality morality is the cornerstone of his philosophy Corto pero sustancioso Unos cuantos consejos excelentes sobre como gobernar y cuales son las virtudes que debe cultivar no solo un gobernante sino todos los miembros de un pueblo. A great book Emphasize on priority, fundamental and basic principle of government A masterpiece.

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